Does anything say “home garden” like the humble tomato? We offer a number of heirloom tomato varieties, including cherry tomatoes you can pop right in your mouth, and meaty Brandywine tomatoes perfect for slicing.
Tomato Growing Secrets
As summer approaches, gardeners dream about growing the perfect tomatoes: deep-colored, flavorful, “meaty” fruit that can almost serve as a meal unto itself. (Add a little fresh mozzarella and fresh basil and you’re there.) Unfortunately, reality sometimes doesn’t deliver due to weather, pests and other unpredictable factors leading many people to conclude that tomatoes are difficult to grow. But if you focus on the critical elements to growing strong and vigorous tomato plants, your chances of success will be greatly enhanced. These elements include: enriched, well drained, warm soil; full day sun; plenty of air circulation and space between plants; taking care not to disturb sensitive roots; deep watering every 3-4 days without splashing soil onto the leaves; no exposure to cold temperatures; incorporating a good support system at planting time, and judicious pinching/pruning for optimal growth.
Interesting Facts About Tomato Plants
Tomatoes Gardening Tips
Tomato plants demand full sun
Keep tomato seeds and plants consistently moist but not soaking wet. Similar to most plants, early morning watering is best to avoid pests and fungi. Using a soaker hose avoids the possibility of soil splashing up on the plants.
A special seed-growing, soilless, potting mix is best for starting seeds. For transplanting outdoors, prepare the garden bed with fertile, well-drained, soil amended with plenty of composted manure. Soil pH should be 6-6.8. Soil temperatures should be at least 60° F or 68° – 75°, ideally.
70°F to 80°F. Good air circulation is one of the keys to successfully growing tomatoes.
Start tomatoes from seed indoors about six weeks before your last anticipated spring frost.
Plant seeds ¼ inches deep, tamp down soil and gently sprinkle with water. Thin and space according to seed packet instructions as each variety has different requirements.
5-12 days depending on variety and air/soil temperature (warmer will be faster).
Each variety is different, ranging from 65-70 days from transplant for the vigorous, high-yielding Sweetie Cherries to 90-100 days for the Brandywine variety.
Tomatoes need a lot of energy to grow and, as a result, are heavy feeders. Add organic fertilizer when you transplant seedlings into the garden. Fertilize them again when the set fruit and continue fertilizing them every two weeks throughout the growing season. Some gardeners swear by additional supplements such as eggshells, coffee grounds and epsom salts. Do your research first.
Add mulch as the seedlings develop to retain moisture and discourage weeds.
In general, tomatoes are susceptible to a variety of garden pests and disease, though our chosen varieties are relatively disease resistant. Watch out for tomato wilt and the dreaded hornworm. And as we’ve pointed out above, take special care, when watering your tomato plants, not to let the soil (and any organisms lurking therein) splash up on the plants. Water in the morning, ideally with a soaker hose.
Weed regularly to eliminate any competition for water or nutrients.
Carrots, peppers, basil, chives, marigolds and nasturtium.
Yes. Make sure your containers are big and sturdy enough to support the plant(s) and their supports.
Though it seems like it should be pretty easy to tell when your tomatoes are ripe, many people make the mistake of picking them too soon. Though prematurely-picked tomatoes will continue to ripen off the vine, they won’t be as good as those picked in their prime. You want to leave them on the vine as long as possible, making sure they don’t over ripen. Each variety is different. Err on the earlier side for Brandywine and Cherry tomatoes. In general, look for even coloring and a tiny bit of softness when you gently squeeze the fruit.
- If you like tomatoes, nothing can compare to homegrown specimens: sweet-tart, juicy and full-bodied, bearing no resemblance to the tasteless supermarket variety available year round.
- Hedge your bets and grow a mix of tomato varieties for different purposes: general purpose—Ace 55; slicing—Brandywine; snacking—Sweetie Cherry; and freezing/canning—Roma.
- soil temperatures to germinate (between 60° – 80° F) that probably won’t be possible outside until mid-summer—at which point it may be too late in the growing season to harvest before the first frost.
- One trick to successfully growing tomatoes is to include supports (stakes/trellis/cage) when you transplant them into the ground outside. The plants will need them and adding them later may be more difficult and potentially damaging to their roots.
- Not only are tomatoes refreshing and delicious, they pack a lot of important nutrients such as lycopene, an antioxidant which may reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer. They are also a significant source of vitamins C and K, as well as folate and potassium.
- 9 cups peeled and chopped tomatoes (peel first, see below)
- 2 1/2 cups chopped green bell peppers
- 2 1/2 cups chopped white onion
- 4 medium jalapeños, chopped (substitute 2 of the jalapeños for 2 cayenne peppers for extra hot salsa)
- 8 large cloves garlic, chopped
- 6 teaspoons canning salt
- 1 cup white vinegar
- 1 (12 ounce) can tomato paste
- Remove tomato skins. Make an “X” in the bottom of the tomatoes, then place in boiling water for 60 seconds. Then, remove the tomatoes from the water and place directly into an ice bath. The skins should slip right off.
- Make the salsa. Place all of the ingredients in a large pot and simmer for 20-30 minutes, until thickened and cooked.
- Prepare cans to be sealed. Transfer the cooked salsa into clean, sterile jars leaving 1/2 inch headspace. Use a funnel for this. Wipe rims of jars and, then place lids on top.
- Process with a water bath. Bring a large saucepan filled with water to a boil. Your saucepan needs to be tall enough to have the water cover the jars by 2 inches.